Why Do We Tenure? Analysis of a Long Standing Risk-Based Explanation (joint with Jonathan Brogaard and Ed Van Wesep)
What it's about: We find that, among finance and economics professors, both the quantity and the quality of publications fall after tenure.

Invited Presentations: Revelstoke Finance Summit (British Columbia, 2015)

Anomalies and News
(joint with Jeff Pontiff and David McLean), revise and resubmit at the Journal of Finance
What it's about: We find that anomaly returns are much higher on news days.

Invited Presentations: Chicago (Booth, 2016); UC Berkeley (Haas, 2015); UCLA (Anderson, 2015); Yale (SOM, 2015); Cornell University (Johnson, 2015); University of Washington (Foster, 2015); UC Irvine (Merage, 2015); Michigan State (Broad, 2015); University of Utah (Eccles, 2015); European Finance Association (Vienna, 2015); ESCP (2015); University of Missouri (Trulaske, 2015); University of South Florida (Muma, 2016); The Tinbergen Institute (2015); Depaul University (Driehaus, 2015); UC Riverside (Anderson, 2015); Arizona State (Carey, 2015); Temple University (Fox, 2015); Ben Graham Centre's 5th Symposium on Intelligent Investing (Ontario, 2016); Acadian Asset Management (Boston, 2016); Claremont McKenna College (2015); University of Tennessee Smoky Mountain Conference (Asheville, 2016); Miami Behavioral Finance Conference (Miami, 2015); SFS Cavalcade (Toronto, 2016)

First, Do No Harm: Financial Conflicts in Medicine
(joint with Chris Parsons and Nathan Tefft)
What it's about: We find that when a doctor is paid by a pharmaceutical firm he is more likely to prescribe that firm's drug, both relative to close substitutes and even generic versions of the same drug. This payment-prescription sensitivity is stronger among men and in high-corruption states.
Invited Presentations: AEA Meeting (Boston, 2015); University of Texas at Austin (McCombs, 2015); University of Washington (Foster, 2013); Harvard University (HBS, 2013); University of Pennslyvania (Wharton, 2013); University of Southern California (2013); Southern California Finance Conference (Claremont McKenna, 2013)

Short Selling Risk
(joint with Adam Reed and Matt Riggenberg). revise and resubmit at the Journal of Finance
What it's about: We show that stocks for which the risk of going on special or being recalled is high (i.e., are less attractive for short-sellers) have low future returns
Invited Presentations: Red Rock Finance Conference (Zion National Park, 2014); FSU Suntrust Beach Conference (Destin, 2014); FIRS Conference (Quebec City, 2014); UC Irvine (Merage, 2014); Conference on the Frontiers of Systemic Risk Modelling and Forecasting (Cambridge/LSE, 2014)

Costly Information processing: Evidence from Earnings Announcements
What it's about: We find evidence that on earnings announcements the market incorporates soft, textual information more slowly than hard, quantitative information.
Invited Presentations:University of Chicago (GSB); Goldman Sachs Asset Management; University of North Carolina (Kenan-Flagler); Yale (SOM); Columbia University (GSB); University of Illinois (COB); Georgetown University (McDonough); University of Southern California (Marshall); UC Irvine (Merage); Notre Dame (Mendoza); DePaul University (Kellstadt); Indiana University (Kelley); University of Iowa (Tippie); Dartmouth College (Tuck)

Know thy Neighbor
(joint with Arzu Ozoguz and Sean Wang) forthcoming at the Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis
What it's about: We find evidence that firms located in geographic industry clusters have more efficient prices: they are more likley to be covered by analysts, held by mutual funds which already have a holding in the cluster and exhibit less price delay with respect to industry information.
Invited Presentations: University of Southern California (2010); Rutgers University (2010); University of Washington (2010); UT Dallas (2010); Financial Intermediation Research Society Conference (2010, Florence); Sixth Annual Asset Pricing Retreat (2010, Amsterdam); American Finance Association Meeting (2011, Denver)

The Long-Short Wars: Evidence of End-of-Year Price Manipulation by Short Sellers
(joint with Jesse Blocher and Adam Reed)
What it's about: We find evidence that short-sellers manipulate end-of-year prices by applying downward price pressure.
Invited Presentations: AFA Meeting (Chicago, 2012)



Human Capital and the Supply of Religion
(joint with Ray Fisman, Jay Hartzell, and Chris Parsons), Review of Economics and Statistics (2016)

What it's about: We use the rotations of United Methodist ministers in the state of Oklahoma to estimate the effect of individual pastors on religious participation.
Invited Presentations: University of Southern California (Marshall, 2011); University of California - San Diego (Economics, 2011); University of Maryland (2011); University of Texas (McCombs, 2011); Columbia University (2011)

Worrying about the Stock Market: Evidence from Hospital Admissions
(joint with Chris Parsons), Journal of Finance (2016)

What it's about: We find increases in hospitalizations - particularly for mental conditions - immediately after large declines in stock prices.
Invited Presentations: AFA Meeting (2014); UC Berkeley (Haas, 2014); UC San Diego (Economics, 2013), UC Irvine (Merage, 2013); UC Berkeley (Economics, 2014); Michigan State (Broad, 2014); University of Miami (2014); University of Alabama (Culverhouse, 2013); Washington State University (2013); UIC (Chicago, 2014); Tulane University (Freeman, 2013); Arizona State University (Carey, 2013); Drexel University (Lebow, 2013); Georgia State University (Robinson, 2013); Southern California Finance Conference (Claremont McKenna, 2013)

Anchoring on Credit Spreads
(joint with Casey Dougal, Chris Parsons and Ed Van Wesep), Journal of Finance (2015)

What it's about:We find that the interest rate a firm happens to borrow at last time influences its current borrowing costs. The evidence suggests that borrowers
and lenders use past terms as "anchors" (Tversky and Kahneman [1974]), and that these
seemingly irrelevant reference points influence future transactions.
Invited Presentations: NBER Corporate Finance Meeting (Chicago, 2011); University of Michigan (2011); UC Irvine (Merage, 2011); SFS Cavalcade (2011); University of Washington (Foster, 2011); Florida State University (2011); AFA Meeting (Chicago, 2012), University of Oregon (Lundquist, 2012), Brigham Young University (Marriott, 2013), Tilburg University (2012), Erasmus University (Rotterdam, 2012), Duisenberg School of Finance (Amsterdam, 2012), Indiana University (Kelley, 2013)

The Sum of All FEARS: Investor Sentiment and Asset Prices
(joint with Zhi Da and Paul Gao), Review of Financial Studies (2015)

What it's about:We use search volume (for terms like "recession" and "inflation") to measure investor sentiment in real time and link investor sentiment to market-level returns, volatility and fund flows.
Invited Presentations:NBER Behavioral Economics Meeting (Chicago, 2010); Western Finance Association Meeting (Victoria, 2010)
Data: Daily FEARS updated through 12/30/2011

Network Position and Productivity: Causal Evidence from Editor Rotations
(joint with Jonathan Brogaard and Chris Parsons), Journal of Financial Economics (2014)

What it's about: We find that when a journal rotates to a new editor, members of the editor's network publish twice as many articles in the editor's journal. These "inside articles" have significantly higher ex post citation counts, suggesting that personal associations are used to improve selection decisions.
Invited Presentations: New York University (Stern, 2011); Harvard University (HBS, 2011); University of Washington (Foster, 2011); University of Alberta (2011); Florida State University (2011), HKUST (2012), Singapore Management University (2012), University of Oklahoma (2012), Nanyang Technological University (2012), UC Irvine (Merage, 2012)

The Price of a CEO's Rolodex (joint with Paul Gao and Chris Parsons), Review of Financial Studies (2013)
What it's about: We estimate the size of each CEO's social network (rolodex) and show that CEOs with large networks earn more than those with small ones.
Invited Presentations: Western Finance Association Meeting (Victoria, 2010)

Journalists and the Stock Market
(joint with Casey Dougal, Diego Garcia and Chris Parsons), Review of Financial Studies (2012), RFS Best Paper Award (1st Prize)

What it's about: We find that individual journalists of a well-known Wall Street Journal column influence aggregate market prices. Because these journalists are randomly assigned to the column (the day they write has nothing to do with market returns), we can identify a causal effect of media on aggregate market prices.

Invited Presentations: University of Pennslyvania (Wharton, 2011); Boston College (2010); University of Arizona (2010); INSEAD (2010); University of Toronto (2010); FM/UC-Davis Napa Valley Conference (2011); SFS Cavalcade (Michigan, 2011)

How are Shorts Informed? Short Sellers, News and Information Processing (joint with Adam Reed and Matt Riggenberg), Journal of Financial Economics (2012)

What it's about: We find short-sellers have much more profitable trades on news days than off news days, evidence that short-sellers' skill may be coming from their ability to process information in news events.
Invited Presentations: Utah Winter Finance Conference (2010); American Finance Association Meeting (2011, Denver); University of Southern California (Marshall, 2011)

Friends with Money
(joint with Paul Gao and Chris Parsons), Journal of Financial Economics (2012), JFE Best Paper Award (2nd Prize)

What it's about: When firm employees share a personal connection with bank employees, loan terms are more favorable (lower rates and fewer covenants), and the firm experiences better ex-post performance (measured by credit quality and stock market returns).

Invited Presentations: Texas Finance Festival (2010); University of Houston (2010); University of Washington (2010); Michigan State University (Broad); University of Rochester (Simon)

Market Madness: The Case of Mad Money
(joint with Jared Williams), Management Science (2012)

What it's about: We investigate the return patterns around stock recommendations made on the CNBC show Mad Money hosted by Jim Cramer.
Invited Presentations: Yale Whitebox Conference (2007)

The Causal Impact of Media in Financial Markets (joint with Chris Parsons), Journal of Finance (2011)

What it's about: Because it's challenging to disentangle the causal impact of media reporting from the impact of the events being reported, we solve this problem by comparing the behaviors of investors with access to different (local) media coverage of the same information event.
Invited Presentations: Financial Research Association Conference (Las Vegas, 2009); Columbia University (2009); NBER Behavioral Economics Meeting (Cambridge, 2009); Texas A&M (2009); Western Finance Association Meeting (Victoria, 2010; WINNER: Best Empirical Finance Paper)

In Search of Attention
(joint with Zhi Da and Paul Gao), Journal of Finance (2011)

What it's about: We use Google search volume for stock tickers (e.g. "AAPL") as a new, direct measure of investor attention.
Invited Presentations: PanAgora Asset Management Crowell Prize Competition (WINNER: First Prize, 2010); UC Irvine (Merage, 2009); NBER Market Microstructure Meeting (Cambridge, 2009); University of Georgia (2009); Chicago Quantitative Alliance Academic Competition (WINNER: First Prize, 2009); AFA Meeting (San Francisco, 2009); Fifth Annual Behavioral Science Conference (Yale, 2009); CEPR Summer Symposium (2010, Gerzensee)

Assessing the Temporal Variation of Macroeconomic Forecasts by a Panel of Changing Composition
(joint with Charles Manski and Jared Williams), Journal of Applied Econometrics (2010)

What it's about:We use the Survey of Professional Forecasters to call attention to the inference problem that arises under changing panel composition. For example, when the average GDP forecast rises, we do not know whether all forecasters raised their expectations of GDP or whether optimistic forecasters entered the survey panel and pessimistic ones left (or both).

EBay's proxy bidding: A License to Shill
(joint with Jared Williams), Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization (2009)

Comparing the Point Predictions and Subjective Probability Distributions of Professional Forecasters (joint with Charles Manski and Jared Williams), Journal of Business and Economic Statistics (2009)